Scalp

Scalp Conditions That Lead to Hair Loss
Hair loss is caused by a wide variety of factors — from heredity to chemical processing of the hair and from cancer treatments to psychological disorders. Hair loss can also be caused by medical conditions of the scalp. Let's look more in-depth at a few of the scalp conditions that can cause hair loss.



Folliculitis
Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles. It can often be found on the groin or genital area, but it can occur anywhere on the skin — from the head and face to the abdomen and legs. Symptoms offolliculitis include inflammation, itching and pustules near the hair follicles. The infection is generally caused by a bacteria or fungus. Treatments may include topical or oral antibiotics, or antifungal medications. Folliculitis generally starts when the hair follicles are damaged from shaving or friction, or there is a blockage in the follicle. If the infection is deep, it may cause a boil-like mass that needs tobe lanced and drained. Barber's itch is a form of folliculitis that is a staph infection in the hair follicles of a the beard or mustache. A lab test can show which bacteria or fungus is causing the infection, and then your doctor can begin treatment.

Folliculitis can also cause hair loss — particularly if it is widespread or severe. In most cases, the hair loss is temporary. However, in some situations where scarring has occurred, it may be permanent.

Lichen simplex chronicus
Lichen simplex chronicus (LSC) is a skin disorder in which chronic scratching causes the skin to become thick, discolored and leathery. The disorder may start out as a simple case of eczema. However when a person repeatedly scratches the area, the skin begins to thicken. The thickened skin causes more itching, so the person continues to scratch — and the cycle begins. The thickened skin often becomes brownish in color and leathery. Lesions may also develop. The cycle of lichen simplex chronicus may also be associated with psychological disorders, anxiety and depression. A person may begin to scratch as part of a nervous habit or a psychological reaction to anxiety or stress.

Steroid treatments and other topical medications may be prescribed to treat LSC. LSC also can cause hair loss when the hair follicles become damaged due to the excessive scratching.

Lichen planus
Lichen planus is an inflammatory disorder that is thought to be related to auto immune diseases. Though it often affects the mouth, it can also affect the skin. Lichen planus causes flat bumps that are normally reddish-purple in color. These bumps are extremely itchy and when they are on the scalp, they can sometimes lead to permanent hair loss.

Tinea capitis
Tinea capitis is a common fungal infection known as ringworm. Please note that ringworm is not caused by an actual worm. Jock itch is a common form of ringworm. However, ringworm can occur anywhere on the body -- including the scalp. Ringworm of the scalp causes inflamed, pus-filled, ring-shaped sores to form on the head. Ringworm can also cause black dots or round lesions on the scalp. If ringworm is severe, it can cause hair breakage, bald patches and other damage to the hair follicles. Ringworm is contagious and can be treated by topical over-the-counter creams. If it is severe, you may need antibiotic treatment.

Severe eczema, psoriasis and other skin disorders can also cause temporary hair loss. Generally after the skin condition is treated, hair growth is also restored.
If you are suffering from a scalp disorder or other hair issue, consult our trichologist as soon as possible. The Hair Management Group will team up with other medical professionals, diagnostic laboratories and nutritionists, locally, nationally and internationally, to help develop a customized plan of action to tackle any of your hair and scalp concerns.